We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is the State Bird of New Hampshire?

By Sonal Panse
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
America Explained is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At America Explained, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

State symbols and state animals are selected to represent the cultural heritage and natural bounty of a particular state. In the case of New Hampshire, the purple finch has been its state bird since the legislation was passed in its favor on 25 April 1957. The proposal for the purple finch as the state bird of New Hampshire was put forward on 12 February 1957 by Representative Robert S. Monahan of Hanover. He was opposed in this by Representative Doris M. Smollett of Hapstead, who proposed that the New Hampshire hen be selected instead.

The proposal for the purple finch, however, was supported by the Audubon Society of New Hampshire, the New Hampshire Federation of Garden Clubs and the State Federation of Women's Clubs. The latter had already selected the purple finch as their state symbol back in 1927. After receiving approval from the New Hampshire General Assembly, Governor Lane Dwinell signed the bill into legislation on 25 April 1957 and the purple finch became the state bird of New Hampshire.

In appearance, the purple finch is a small bird with a largish head and a short pointed beak. The male finches show a distinctive rose color on the head, breast and wing bars, and a dark red, mixed with brown streaks, on the nape and back. Female finches are pale brown, gray and white, with well-defined color streaks. Both genders have a white belly, brown wings, white under-tail coverts and a brown notched tail, and make a warbling "pik" sound.

The state bird of New Hampshire is migratory in nature. In the summer, purple finches are mainly found in the southern parts of Canada, and in the winter they migrate to the eastern regions of the United States. Some purple finches also live year-round in the northeastern regions of the United States.

The birds nest in coniferous and deciduous forests, and are known to reside in shrubs, weeds and hedgerows. They breed in the summer. The female purple finches build the nest, taking about eight days to complete it, and then lay four to seven greenish-blue eggs with brown or black flecks. The female bird incubates the eggs for around 13 days, and both parents are involved in feeding and raising the chicks. The chicks develop feathers about 16 days after they have hatched.

The purple finch feeds on fruits, flowers, seeds and insects. Given its predilection for fruits and flowers and the destruction it consequently causes, the state bird of New Hampshire is regarded as a pest by farmers. It is not an endangered bird, but its range is being threatened by urban development and by the introduction of other finches and sparrows.

America Explained is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Link to Sources
Discussion Comments
America Explained, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

America Explained, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.