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What Is the State Animal of Alaska?

By Patti Kate
Updated May 17, 2024
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The moose, which is a large animal of the deer family, is the official state animal of Alaska. The male moose, often referred to as a bull, will grow large crescent-shaped antlers on the head upon reaching maturity. A females is commonly referred to as cow moose. Moose populate wooded and rural areas of Alaska, and can even be found in some towns and villages. It was not until 1998 that this colossal mammal was designated the official state animal of Alaska.

Although several members of the deer family are native to Alaska, including the caribou and mule deer, the Alaskan moose is the largest of these. Male Alaskan moose can weigh more than 1,000 pounds (453 kilograms). One of the most noted physical characteristics of the state animal of Alaska is an elongated face that droops slightly forward. The long legs of the Alaskan moose support its stout, muscular body. A large flap of fur-lined skin can be seen hanging loosely below the chin of the moose.

Other characteristics of the Alaskan moose are its contrasting colors. The legs are gray, while the body of the animal is dark brown. All moose have a hump on the shoulder as well.

Alaskan moose feed on vegetation, such as water plants and various types of tree bark. These massive land mammals are decent swimmers and often swim a great distance in search of food. On land, the moose can reach fast speeds, although not as fast as lighter, more agile members of the deer family.

The state animal of Alaska generally prefers to dwell in forested areas. It is not uncommon, however, for moose to be seen foraging for food in populated areas during the cold winter months. Farmers must often deal with moose destroying crops, especially when the animal's food source is scarce.

Several other animals have been specially recognized by the state of Alaska, although the moose is the most widely known and is the official state animal of Alaska. The state marine mammal of Alaska is the bow head whale. Various species of birds are also indigenous to Alaska, with the willow ptarmigan being the state's official bird. The Alaskan malamute, with its thick dense coat and ability to pull racing sleds, is the state's official dog breed. The king salmon is Alaska's state fish and it is abundant in many ponds and streams.

Very few American states have designated official state insects, though Alaska has. The state insect of Alaska is the four spot skimmer dragonfly, which is commonly seen during the warm summer months. These insects, which are found in Alaska and other areas in North America, are often referred to as 12-spot skimmers.

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Discussion Comments
By Sporkasia — On May 29, 2014

In addition to coming into physical contact with a person, another way the moose poses a danger to humans is by getting in front of moving vehicles. Anyone who lives near a thriving deer population knows the dangers of accidentally hitting a deer while driving. Imagine how much more damage a moose would do than your average deer.

By mobilian33 — On May 29, 2014

@Feryll - The bear is more aggressive than the moose, but do you know that you are more likely to be injured by a moose than a bear in the state of Alaska? In which case, maybe the moose is more representative of the dangers that lie in the Alaskan wilderness.

Actually, you are in little danger of being attacked by either a bear or a moose in Alaska. However, more people are injured my moose largely because there are three times as many of them as there are bears in the state.

Both bears and moose have become more likely to feed from human garbage, so anytime a hungry moose is rummaging through the garbage he is more likely to cause you harm if he feels you are going to interfere with a potential meal. And because these animals are so large, it only takes a small bit of contact for them to injure a person.

By Feryll — On May 28, 2014

Personally, had I been given the duty of choosing the state animal of Alaska I would have had to go with the grizzly bear. That is not to say I have anything against the moose, which is an impressive animal in its own right, but the bear seems to represent what many of us think about Alaska--it is a wild and dangerous place.

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